From MEPIS Documentation Wiki
GRUB is installed by default.
The default GRUB screen in MEPIS shows 3 kernel entries followed by a MEMTEST entry. The GRUB screen is defined by the /boot/grub/menu.lst file which looks something like this depending on your version of MEPIS and hard drive configuration:
timeout 15 color cyan/blue white/blue foreground ffffff background 0639a1 gfxmenu /boot/grub/message title MEPIS at sda1, newest kernel root (hd0,2) kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/sda1 nomce quiet splash vga=791 resume=/dev/sda4 boot title MEPIS at sda1, previous kernel (if any) root (hd0,2) kernel /boot/vmlinuz.old root=/dev/sda1 nomce quiet splash vga=791 resume=/dev/sda4 boot title MEPIS at sda1, kernel 2.6.22-1-mepis-smp root (hd0,2) kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.22-1-mepis-smp root=/dev/sda1 nomce quiet splash vga=791 resume=/dev/sda4 boot title MEMTEST kernel /boot/memtest86+.bin
Three kernel entries are listed for technical reasons. Warren, the developer of MEPIS, provides this explanation: "Some software, for example os-prober, only recognizes kernels that have specific entries in menu.lst, for example the 3rd entry in the usual MEPIS menu.lst. The Debian kernel installation script does something special if the vmlinuz and vmlinuz.old symlinks exist. When a new kernel is installed, it automatically becomes vmlinuz and the previous vmlinuz becomes vmlinuz.old. So if a new kernel, for example the desktop-smp kernel, is installed, then in the menu.lst it is automatically the newer kernel and the previous newer kernel becomes the older kernel. This was a simple way to allow users to add new kernels without having to edit the menu.lst every time."
The final entry, Memtest is a thorough, stand-alone memory test for 386, 486 and Pentium systems. It writes a series of test patterns to every memory address, then reads back the data written and compares it for errors.
Tips and tricks
Create your own GRUB screen
1) Install cpio from the repos if not installed already
2) Create the image
- Scale your background picture to 800x600 px.
- Use inkscape (available from the repos) to make box and boot options line or whatever you want, (800x600).
- Merge them with Gimp. Use "posterize" in the color menu to reduce the number of colors to 255 and save to the desktop.
3) Extract the message
After creating a folder named h on desktop, enter it and open a terminal by pressing F4
cd /home/username/Desktop/h cp /boot/grub/message /home/username/Desktop/h/message cpio -idv < message
Now you have extracted the files from the cpio archive. If you have any problems you can use su, some files inside the message are write protected.
4) Adjust the image
- Open the picture you want to replace (in this case back.jpg) with Gimp.
- Go to your own picture and open it with Gimp (not as a layer) and select the whole picture. Now press Ctrl+c to copy the image.
- Click the window with the original image and press ctrl+v to paste your own image over the old one. This way you can be sure the resulting file will have correct color depth.
- Name the image back.jpg and save to the desktop. Don't make the file to large, the upper limit is 170 Kb.
5) Adjust the message
Now inside the folder h again, open a terminal:
rm back.jpg rm message cp /home/username/Desktop/back.jpg /home/username/Desktop/h/back.jpg ls | cpio -ov > ../message
This will create the message on desktop, outside the h folder.
6) Move everything back to GRUB
cd /home/Henry/Desktop su cp /home/Henry/Desktop/message /boot/grub/message
Run this command as root after replacing the message image:
update-initramfs -u -t
- Introduction to GRUB
- Editing the GRUB menu
- Customizing GRUB
- GRUB from command line
- Securing GRUB
- Chainload GRUB
- Installing GRUB on the MBR of a second drive
- Reinstalling GRUB
- Alternative boot methods
More: Wikipedia article