Installing Software

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Synaptic

Synaptic is a program that helps you to install other programs (packages). It downloads and installs programs from different repositories from the Internet. The prerequisite for using Synaptic is a working Internet connection.

Install New Package

Click on the synaptic icon on the panel (small yellow box) or click on Kmenu >> System >> Package Manager (Synatic Package Manager). When the "Run as root KDE su" enter your root password and click "OK".

Synapticopeningscreen.png

Click the Reload button in the top left corner--this updates the list of packages available from Debian and MEPIS repositories.

Synapticopeningscreen1.png

Search for the package(s) you are looking for.

Synapticopeningscreen2.png

Right-click on package name and select "Mark for Installation"

Another window will open informing you of any other packages that will be installed as well as the webmin application, click "OK".

Synapticopeningscreen3.png

Now click on the "Apply" button on the Tool bar, a new winodw will open telling you what is going to be installed, click the "Apply" button.

The "Downloading Packages" and then the "Apply Changes" windows will appear; once it say "Changes Applied" you can close the window.

Upgrade An Existing Package

To upgrade a program you need to right-click on the package and select "Mark package for upgrade"

Install All Available Upgrades

Synapticopeningscreen4.png

To upgrade all programs after you do a "Reload" select "Mark All Upgrades" and then click "Apply"

Notes and Cautions

Be sure to look at all messages when installing or upgrading programs. If packages will be removed that you do not want removed, it is best to cancel the process and ask for advice .

Using apt-get

  • Update the list of packages available from Debian and MEPIS repositories with this command:
apt-get update
  • Upgrade your current packages--after updating the list--with this command:
apt-get upgrade
  • Install package with this command:
apt-get install packagename 

(hit TAB once to autocomplete the name, hit TAB twice to display a list of alternatives)

  • you can install multiple packages:
apt-get install packagename1 packagename2
  • Remove installed packages with this command:
apt-get remove packagename

To see other available commands, type:

man apt-get

Instead of apt-get you could also use aptitude which is a similar program, but has some advantages over apt-get.

Using KPackage

  1. In KPackage menu -> Special -> Apt:Debian -> Update -- this updates the list of packages available from Debian and MEPIS repositories.
  2. Select either New or All tab.
  3. Search for package name
  4. Select package(s) (put a check in the mark column)
  5. Click "Install marked"
  6. Enter password when asked
  7. Click "Install" again

Installing "deb" files

KPackage

  • Click on the file and that will open Kpackage, click install (twice) and type in the root password when requested.
  • A result of "Result=0" means success. "Result=1" means there are uninstalled dependencies. They can be automatically installed in Kpackage by the menu item Special--> Apt-Debian--> Fixup

Dpkg

  • Install downloaded programs with dpkg, as root type:
dpkg -i /path/packagename
  • If you get a message that dependencies for that package have not been satisfied, type (make sure you read the prompts):
apt-get -f install

Installing "rpm", "bin", "tar", and other type of packages

If the software you want has something other than .deb written at the end (e.g., .rpm) then check this link about installing different type of packages

Install programs with "klik"

Klik is a system which creates self-contained packages of applications downloadable from the web with a single click.

To install; As Root;

apt-get install binutils libstdc++5 rpm gnome-about 

As a user;

wget klik.atekon.de/client/install -O -|sh

Windows programs

  • Another approach (more installation-work, but gives much better emulation) is to install a 'virtualization' package, such as VMWare or VirtualBox.

Additional information



Installing / Removing Software | FAQ | Main Page

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